What is the Internet of Things (IoT) ? Development of IoT | NothingProto.in

What is The Internet of Things ( IoT ) ?


The Internet of Things is a network of physical objects available on the Internet that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies to connect other devices on the Internet and exchange data. can be provided In this post, we will learn about IoT in detail.

What is IoT? NothingProto.in

What is IoT ?


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical objects or "things" as people call it, embedded with software, electronics, networks, and sensors that allow these objects to collect and exchange data. The goal of IoT is to extend internet connectivity from standard devices like computers, mobiles, tablets to relatively less dumb devices like toasters.

IoT data collection, AI algorithms and Makes almost everything "smart" by improving aspects of our life with the power of networks.

In this IoT tutorial, we will discuss various IoT concepts like IoT concepts, IoT introduction, Fundamentals of IoT (IoT). Will learn fundamentals of IoT etc.

History of IoT :


  1. 1970 - The actual idea of ​​connected devices was proposed.
  2. 1990 - John Romkey created a toaster that could be turned on / off on the Internet.
  3. 1995– Siemens founded the M2M . the first cellular module manufactured Introduced.
  4. 1999 - The term "Internet of Things" was widely accepted by Kevin Ashton during his work at P&G.
  5. 2004 - The term was mentioned in well-known publications such as The Guardian, Boston Globe and Scientific American.
  6. 2005 - The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) of the UN published its first report on the subject.
  7. 2008- Internet of Things (IOT) was born.
  8. 2011- Market research company Gartner included "The Internet of Things" technology in its research.

How does IoT work? ( How IoT Works )


The entire IoT process starts with devices like smartphones, smartwatches, electronic devices like TVs, washing machines that help you communicate with the IoT platform.

Now we will learn about the four fundamental components of an IoT system:

  • Sensors / Devices : Sensors or devices are a major component that helps you collect live data from the surrounding environment. This data can have different levels of complexity. This may be a simple temperature monitoring sensor, or it may be in the form of a video feed. A device may contain different types of sensors which perform many functions apart from sensing. For example, mobile phone is a device that has many sensors like GPS, camera.
  • Connectivity : All the collected data is sent to the cloud infrastructure. Sensors should be connected to the cloud using different means of communication. These communication mediums include mobile or satellite networks, Bluetooth, WI-FI, WAN etc.
  • Data Processing : Once that data is collected, and it reaches the cloud, the software does the processing on the collected data. This process can only check the temperature and can be read on equipment such as an AC or heater. However, it can sometimes be very complex, such as identifying objects using computer vision on video.
  • User interface : information must be available to the end user in some way by triggering an alarm on their phone or by sending them a notification via email or text message. Users may sometimes need an interface that actively checks their IoT system.


For example, a camera is installed in the user's home. He wants to record video and access all feeds with the help of web server.

However, it is not always one-way communication. Depending on the complexity of the IoT application and system, the user may be able to perform an action that can cause cascading effects.


For example, if a user detects any change in the temperature of the refrigerator, IoT technology should enable the user to adjust the temperature with the help of their mobile phone.

APPLICATIONS OF INTERNET OF THINGS


  • Smart Thermostats : Smart Thermostats helps you save resources on heating bills by knowing your usage pattern.
  • Connected Cars : Connected Cars IoT helps automobile companies handle billing, parking, insurance, and other related stuff automatically.
  • Activity Trackers : Activity Trackers on your wrist to help you capture heart rate patterns, calorie expenditure, activity level and skin temperature.
  • Smart Outlets : Smart Outlets can remotely turn any device on or off. It allows you to track the device's energy level and receive custom notifications directly in your smartphone.

 Development of Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IOT) is an ecosystem of interconnected devices that exchange data over a wired or wireless network. These devices can be smartphones, laptops, smart electric appliances, smart office equipment or any device tagged with the sensor. The data generated by these devices is shared with servers located in the cloud or on-premises, which help in decision making. The IoT ecosystem can be established not only in small areas like our homes or offices but also in large areas like gated communities, university campuses and cities.


Smart devices which are connected to each other are becoming an important part of our life. The knowledge of the past prepares us to predict the future and use any technology to our advantage.


Main Milestones in IoT Evolution

A child grows every day and surprises his parents every moment, but still there are some moments that become important in the history of his life.


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      Let us try to know such important aspects of the development of IoT :-


      • ARPANET was the first connected network - we know it today as the "Grandfather of the Internet". The history of IoT begins with ARPANET.
      • In 1982, David Nichols, a graduate student in Carnegie Mellon University's computer science department, asked whether the department's coke vending machine contained bottles of cold soda. He was tired of going to the machine, there was no cold bottle available; The vending machine was at some distance from his classes. Therefore, he wanted to know in advance.
      • In 1982, David Nichols, a graduate student in Carnegie Mellon University's computer science department, asked whether the department's coke vending machine contained bottles of cold soda. He was tired of going to the machine, there were no cold bottles available, the vending machine was at a distance from his classes. Therefore, he wanted to know in advance. He was assisted in this endeavor by two fellow students, Mike Kazer and Ivor Durham, and John Zaserne, a research engineer at the university. The code they wrote could check whether the vending machine had Coke available, and if so, whether it was cold. Anyone from ARPANET University could monitor the status of the Coke Vending Machine.
      • In 1989 Tim Berners-Lee proposed the framework for the World Wide Web, which laid the foundation for the Internet.
      • In 1990 John Romkey developed a toaster that could be turned on and off over the Internet. It was a toaster that was connected to a computer because there was no Wi-Fi then. This toaster is believed to be the first IoT device - the first "thing" that ushered in the Internet of Things. ^ The Trojan Room coffee pot was created in 1993 by Quentin Stafford-Fraser and Paul Jardetsky at the Computer Laboratory of the University of Cambridge. An image of the interior of the pot was uploaded to the building server three times every minute. Later, when browsers started showing images, these images could be viewed online.
      • The next milestone in the development of IoT came in 1999 when Kevin Ashton, the current executive director of Auto-ID Labs, coined the term Internet of Things. This was the title of a presentation he made at Procter & Gamble (where he was working at the time) about connecting RFID to the Internet in P&G's supply chain.
      • The term IoT began to be used in publications such as The Guardian and Scientific American from 2003–2004. In the same period, the US Department of Defense and Walmart deployed RFID in their stores.
      • In March 2008, the first IoT conference was held in Zurich. It brought together researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry to facilitate knowledge sharing. In the same year, the US National Intelligence Council included the Internet of Things as one of six disruptive citizen technologies.
      • In its 2011 white paper, the Cisco Internet Business Solutions Group (CIBSG) stated that the Internet of Things could actually be said to have occurred between 2008 and 2009, when the number of people connected to the Internet exceeded the number of people connected to it. Went . CIBSG calculated that the ratio of people to things increased from about 0.8 in 2003 to 1.84 in 2010. Along with the white paper, Cisco released a number of educational materials on the topic and launched marketing initiatives to attract customers looking to adopt IoT. IBM and Ericsson joined the race shortly thereafter.
      • In 2011, Gartner included IoT in its hype cycle for emerging technologies that were on the rise.
      • In 2013 IDC released a report which predicted the IoT market to grow at a CAGR of 7.9% and reach USD 8.9 trillion by 2020.
      • In March 2008, the first IoT conference was held in Zurich. It brought together researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry to facilitate knowledge sharing. In the same year, the US National Intelligence Council included the Internet of Things as one of six disruptive citizen technologies.
      • In its 2011 white paper, the Cisco Internet Business Solutions Group (CIBSG) stated that the Internet of Things could actually be said to have occurred between 2008 and 2009, when the number of people connected to the Internet exceeded the number of people connected to it. Went . CIBSG calculated that the ratio of people to things increased from about 0.8 in 2003 to 1.84 in 2010. Along with the white paper, Cisco released a number of educational materials on the topic and launched marketing initiatives to attract customers looking to adopt IoT. IBM and Ericsson joined the race shortly thereafter.
      • In 2011, Gartner included IoT in its hype cycle for emerging technologies that were on the rise.
      • In 2013 IDC released a report which predicted the IoT market to grow at a CAGR of 7.9% and reach USD 8.9 trillion by 2020.





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